University Of Phoenix Online Environmental Science Degree
– An academic degree is a qualification awarded to students on successful attainment of a course of breakdown in unconventional education, usually at a teacher or university. These institutions commonly give degrees at various levels, usually including bachelor’s, masters and doctorates, often nearby further academic certificates and professional degrees. The most common undergraduate degree is the bachelor’s degree, although in some countries belittle qualifications are titled degrees (e.g. member degrees in the US or introduction degrees in the UK) even though in others a higher-level first degree is more usual.
The doctorate (Latin: doceo I teach) appeared in medieval Europe as a license to teach (Latin: licentia docendi) at a medieval university. Its roots can be traced to the into the future church once the term “doctor” referred to the Apostles, church fathers and further Christian authorities who taught and interpreted the Bible. The right to comply a licentia docendi was originally reserved to the church which required the applicant to pass a test, to say you will oath of loyalty and pay a fee. The Third Council of the Lateran of 1179 guaranteed the permission now largely release of stroke of every dexterous applicants, who were, however, still tested for faculty by the ecclesiastic scholastic. This right remained a bone of contention between the church authorities and the slowly emancipating universities, but was decided by the Pope to the university circles of Paris in 1231 where it became a universal license to tutor (licentia ubique docendi). However, even though the licentia continued to hold a well ahead prestige than the bachelor’s degree (Baccalaureus), it was ultimately shortened to an intermediate step to the Magister and doctorate, both of which now became the exclusive qualification for teaching. University Of Phoenix Online Environmental Science Degree
At the University, doctoral training was a form of apprenticeship to a guild. The received term of examination before other teachers were admitted to the guild of “Master of Arts”, seven years, was the thesame as the term of apprenticeship for supplementary occupations. Originally the terms “master” and “doctor” were synonymous, but beyond get older the doctorate came to be regarded as a future qualification than the master degree.
Today the terms “master”, “Doctor” (from the Latin meaning literally: “teacher”) and “Professor” signify substitute levels of academic achievement, but in the Medieval the academy they were equivalent terms, the use of them in the degree say visceral a issue of custom at a university. (Most universities conferred the Master of Arts, although the highest degree was often termed Master of Theology/Divinity or Doctor of Theology/Divinity depending on the place).
The early doctoral degrees (theology Divinitatis Doctor (D.D.), play Legum Doctor (LL.D., far along D.C.L.) and medicine Medicin Doctor (M.D., D.M.)) reflected the historical unfriendliness of all sophisticated university circles investigation into these three fields. over time, the D.D. has gradually become less common external theology and is now mostly used for honorary degrees, bearing in mind the title “Doctor of Theology” being used more often for earned degrees. Studies outside theology, bill and medicine were after that called “philosophy”, due to the Renaissance conviction that real knowledge could be derived from empirical observation. The degree title of Doctor of Philosophy is a much far along epoch and was not introduced in England back 1900. Studies in what later was called philosophy are now classified as sciences and humanities.
The college circles of Bologna in Italy, regarded as the oldest academic world in Europe, was the first institution to confer the degree of Doctor in Civil put it on in the tardy 12th century; it next conferred thesame degrees in further subjects, including medicine.
The academic circles of Paris used the term “master” for its graduates, a practice adopted by the English universities of Oxford and Cambridge, as with ease as the ancient Scottish universities of St Andrews, Glasgow, Aberdeen and Edinburgh.
University Of Phoenix Online Environmental Science Degree
Universities and community colleges tribute degrees at changing levels, from associate’s degrees to doctoral degrees. subsequently comparing every second degrees, students can adjudicate which program best fits their career goals and academic interests.
There are four major categories of degrees simple for postsecondary students: associate, bachelor’s, master’s and doctoral degrees. Earning one of these degrees can bow to 2-8 years, depending on the level of the degree and auditorium of study. Graduate-level programs may require students to utter one or more undergraduate programs prior to enrollment.
Associate-level programs come up with the money for substitute degrees for a variety of careers. These 2-year programs may meet the expense of the valuable training to prepare students for entry-level positions in fields subsequently nursing, graphic design and new vocational areas. connect degree programs are most commonly clear from community colleges and rarefied schools.
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Completing an belong to degree program may qualify graduates to enter the workforce. Transferable member degree programs lid the general education requirements needed to continue a student’s education at a 4-year university. The most common degrees friendly at the partner level count the following:
- Associate of Arts (A.A.)
- Associate of Science (A.S.)
- Associate of Applied Science (AAS)
A bachelor’s degree program is an undergraduate program that usually takes four years to complete. Enrolling in a bachelor’s degree program requires that students choose a major area of study, such as finance, history, communications or biology. graduates from a bachelor’s degree program are recognized to bill in door or management-level positions, depending upon the field. University Of Phoenix Online Environmental Science Degree
A bachelor’s degree is in addition to usually required for way in into a graduate program. The substitute types of degrees approachable in a bachelor’s degree program total the following:
- Bachelor of Arts (B.A.)
- Bachelor of Science (B.S.)
- Bachelor of good Arts (BFA)
- Bachelor of Applied Science (BAS)
Master’s degree programs are graduate programs that allow students specialize in an place of study. They typically agree to 1-2 years to complete. Along subsequent to an undergraduate degree, enrolling in a master’s degree program usually requires a minimum GPA and an appreciation score on a graduate gain access to exam, such as the Graduate sticker album examination (GRE). Many master’s degree programs require a thesis or capstone project for graduation. University Of Phoenix Online Environmental Science Degree
Earning a master’s degree may qualify former students to ham it up in modern or executive-level positions. A master’s degree is afterward required for right to use into some doctoral programs. alternative degree programs friendly at the master’s degree level count up the following:
- Master of Arts (M.A.)
- Master of Science (M.S.)
- Master of issue
- Administration (MBA)
- Master of good Arts (MFA)
Doctoral degree programs, after that known as Ph.D. programs, are the most forward looking type of degree program available. read into a doctoral degree program may require individuals to hold a master’s degree, although several programs take candidates who deserted keep bachelor’s degrees. further requirements to be trendy into these programs may total submitting standardized test scores and sending in letters of recommendation.
Completing a Ph.D. program usually takes several years, and often involves the triumph of a dissertation and a major research project. Medical-related doctoral programs may have students resolution hands-on clinical hours later real patients during the final years of the program. University Of Phoenix Online Environmental Science Degree
Ph.D. former students are approved to feint as experts in areas of business or research, and professors at the postsecondary level. Common types of doctoral degrees augment those listed below:
- Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
- Juris Doctor (J.D.)
- Doctor of Medicine (M.D.)
- Doctor of Dental Surgery (DDS)
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While there are many substitute studious level degree options, the four main degree levels complement associate, bachelors, masters, and doctorate.
Online Master’s Degree Programs University Of Phoenix Online Environmental Science Degree
AMU online master’s degree programs are ideal if you want a more in-depth examination of your undergraduate degree or to pursue supplementary academic chemical analysis in unconventional field.
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You must have completed a bachelor’s degree from an accredited institution in the past starting a master’s degree program at AMU. Master’s degrees range from 36 to 48 semester hours (about 12-15 courses) and culminate subsequent to a thesis, capstone course, internship, or integrative practicum. Dual degree programs permit for deed of two master’s degrees within a compressed period frame, and range from 60-69 semester hours (20-23 courses) of scrutiny once one culminating capstone experience.